The Scamdex Scam Email Archive - Generic o

Subject:  Scamdex, Internet Scambusters Newsletter #297, 8-20-08
From:  "Scambusters Editors" <>
Date:  Wed, 20 Aug 2008 01:02:58 -0700

A Scam Email with the Subject "Scamdex, Internet Scambusters Newsletter #297, 8-20-08" was received in one of Scamdex's honeypot email accounts on Wed, 20 Aug 2008 01:02:58 -0700 and has been classified as a Generic Scam. The sender was "Scambusters Editors" <>, although it may have been spoofed.


Internet Scambusters (tm)
The #1 Publication on Internet Fraud

By Scambusters Audri, Jim and Keith
Issue #297  August 20, 2008


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Hi Scamdex,

Today we explain two threats: whaling (which is new and
currently only affects top business execs), and a scary hack
which can affect everyone who visits these compromised large

Whaling: After phishing comes "whaling," a sneaky attempt by
scammers to hijack the personal computers of top-ranking
business execs. We explore this latest form of Internet crime
that, for a while, even had the security software companies

We also discover that hackers are attacking corporate websites
and embedding them with invisible program code that takes
users to malicious sites. So, watch out!

Before we begin, we recommend you check out this week's issue
of Scamlines -- What's New in Scams? -- here. You'll find two
huge scams you definitely want to know about.

Next, you may want to spend a moment looking at this week's
most popular articles from our other sites:

Answers to 7 of the Biggest Questions About Landscape
Photography: An Interview With Jennifer L. Wu

What You Need to Know About Credit Card Debt Settlement

Back To School Shopping: The Parent vs. Child Shopping Spree

Three Photography Myths About Nighttime Photography

Now, here we go...

Whaling? These Scammers Target Big Phish

Whaling. Bet you thought it was just something that marine
conservationists get hot under the collar about. Recently,
it's been the NBT (Next Big Thing) in Internet security.

First we had phishing, where scammers try to grab personal
financial details from Internet surfers.

Then there was vishing, in which scammers try the same thing
using cell phone text messaging.

And there's pharming, which hijacks external servers and home
network routers to control PCs.

Now, there's whaling.

As the name suggests if you think about it, whaling is a
variation of phishing. But the targets are a whole lot
"bigger" -- like CEOs and other boardroom execs.

Apart from the status of its targets, whaling differs from
phishing in a couple of very important ways.

First, it is not spaham (misspelled intentionally) -- the same
message sent to thousands or millions of potential victims.
Whaling emails are carefully researched and crafted messages
sent to specifically named senior business people.

The scammers have discovered not only the individual's
personal email address but also other information, like their
correct title, direct line telephone numbers and names of
other key people in the business. Experts think they bought
the information from other criminals online.

This kind of individually-targeted mail is known as "spear
phishing," though maybe in the case of whaling we should call
it "harpoon phishing"!

Second, the scammers are not just after their victims'
identities. They try to take control of their PCs to get hold
of passwords and all sorts of confidential company information.

The tricks they use are clever too. In a fairly recent attack,
victims at major financial institutions and other Fortune 500
companies got emails that looked like genuine subpoenas from
the US Federal District Court in San Diego ordering them to
appear in court, in a civil action.

The emails provided a link supposedly to download the full
subpoena. What it actually did was download
keystroke-capturing, data-mining software onto the execs' PCs,
while displaying a realistic looking legal document on screen.

Here is part of what the bogus email says:

--- Begin bogus email ---

Issued to: (Individual's name and title inserted here)

Case number: 94-621-PGM
United States District Court

YOU ARE HEREBY COMMANDED to appear and testify before the
Grand Jury of the United States District Court at the place,
date, and time specified below ...

Please download the entire document on this matter (follow
this link) and print it for your record.

This subpoena shall remain in effect until you are granted
leave to depart by the court or by an officer on behalf of the
court ...

Failure to appear at the time and place indicated may result
in a contempt of court citation ...

--- End bogus email ---

The US District Court alerted the FBI and issued a warning on
its website.

The bad news is that nearly half of all antivirus software
failed to detect the Trojan malware the link downloaded and
thousands of the business computers were compromised.

"The success rate was incredibly high," says Stephan Chenette
of Websense Security Labs, the company that first raised the

There were some giveaways in other parts of the email,
however. The scammers didn't always use American English; it
was more like British or even Asian variations of the
language. And the phony Internet address they used had a .com,
whereas US official and court addresses use .gov.

Patrick Evans of security software company Symantec says:
"Companies and high net worth individuals therefore have to be
more vigilant than ever, ensure they are taking all of the
necessary measures to safeguard against this threat, and
generally, stop and think before clicking on an attachment or
volunteering information."

In fact, by following the same rules that apply to avoiding
conventional phishing, the executives could have stayed safe.
In particular, never click on an email link; instead, contact
the genuine organization to confirm the document is authentic.

Invisible hack attacks

Meanwhile, a report published by the UK security firm IronPort
warns not only of a big increase in whaling but also of a wave
of invisible hack attacks on company websites that could
affect any of us who use them.

The scammers hack their way onto legitimate websites and embed
a small amount of computer code (JavaScript) on certain pages.
This cannot be seen by the naked eye and redirects users to a
malicious site that downloads harmful programs onto users'
computers without them knowing.

The big security software companies are updating their
programs to detect when this happens. But according to
IronPort, some of the blame rests with the firms whose sites
are hacked.

Product manager Jason Steer says: "Some organizations forget
to secure their web servers because the website is not seen as
a revenue-generating system but a media avenue, public sector
sites especially."

Attached Message
Also, check any corporate websites you visit for poor language
usage. It's amazing that criminals who are so smart fall down
on such a basic issue as getting their words right!

That's it for today -- we hope you enjoy your week!

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